Roses for Descanso Gardens

 

USING THIS PLANT LIST:

Roses are organized by type and color. Find what you need for your garden site: Browse this list to see recommendations.

Additional information and links may be found at the American Rose Society web site.


MODERN ROSES

[Photo by Carole Dearman  June, 2002] Modern Hybrid Tea Roses: Fragrant, single blooms on strong stems
Bloom from spring through fall
Three to six feet
Developed in Europe in late 1800's
from the early China teas
crossed with other old roses.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available

Chrysler Imperial

Deep Red Four to six feet,
Very fragrant,
Repeat bloom
(1952)
Was used in promotions of the Chrysler Imperial car.
No Photo Available Dolly Parton Strong orange-red Four to five feet,
Fragrant,
Repeat bloom

As vivid as Dolly herself!
[Photo by Tina Ludeman] Double Delight White with rose-pink shading Three to five feet,
Fragrant,
Repeat bloom

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No Photo Available Fragrant Cloud Deep pink Four to five feet,
Intensely fragrant,
Repeat bloom

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No Photo Available French Perfume Creamy yellow petals tinged with red Three to five feet,
Very fragrant,
Repeat bloom

No Photo Available Peace Creamy yellow petals flushed with pink Three to five feet,
Mildly fragrant,
Repeat bloom
Developed by French breeder; smuggled out to safety just before France's fall during WW II.
Also available: Chicago Peace, Pink Peace, Desert Peace,climbing versions.
No Photo Available Perfect Moment Creamy yellow petals with red edges Three to five feet,
Lightly fragrant,
Repeat bloom

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No Photo Available Princess Monaco Creamy white petals tinged with pink Three to five feet,
Lightly fragrant,
Repeat bloom

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No Photo Available Pristine Ivory white petals tinged with pink Four feet or more,
Strongly fragrant,
Repeat bloom

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No Photo Available Sheer Bliss Creamy white petals tinged with red Three to five feet,
Fragrant,
Repeat bloom


Floribunda Roses: Fragrant flower clusters of three to fifteen blooms in different stages from bud to fully open. Typically grow three to five feet tall and
look good planted in groups.
Small cultivars are good in containers
Developed from old Hybrid Tea roses crossed with
polyanthas.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Ebb Tide Deep purple Four feet,
Strong scent,
Repeat bloom

No Photo Available French Lace Ivory petals shading to pale apricot Four feet,
Light scent,
Repeat bloom

No Photo Available Iceberg Large clusters of white blooms Four to five feet,
Mildly fragrant,
Repeat bloom
Pink cultivars are also available
No Photo Available Dream Weaver Large clusters of deep coral buds
develop to branches of full pink blooms
Ten to twelve feet,
Light fragrance,
Blooms all summer
A climbing floribunda
and shrub rose hybrid

[Photo by Carole Dearman May,2002] Grandiflora Roses: Fragrant flower clusters containing blooms of the same stage (bud, partly or fully open.) Cross between hybrid teas and floribundas.
Grow up to six feet tall.
Fragrant flower clusters, blooms are larger than floribundas.

Polyantha Roses: Used for mass color,
Small cultivars are good in containers
A French gardener started seeds of R.chinensis (China rose) sent to him from Japan. The white climbing rose crossed with nearby pink China roses in the late 1800's. French breeders developed several cultivars, some still around today.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Cecile Brunner Pink Three to four feet,
Mildly fragrant,
Repeat bloom
Fifteen to twenty ft. climbing cultivars are available. (1881)

MODERN SHRUB ROSES

David Austin's English Roses: Highly fragrant,
Repeat bloom,
Cupped blossoms with many petals
Developed in England by David Austin All shrub roses may take a year or two to develop into their best growth.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Graham Thomas Yellow Up to five feet tall
Fragrant,
Fully double and quartered,
Repeat bloom,
English musk (1983)
No Photo Available Lillian Austin Salmon pink tinged to apricot Up to three feet tall
Lightly fragrant,
Repeat bloom,
(1973)
No Photo Available Othello Deep crimson Up to five feet tall
Strong fragrance,
Fully double, cup-shaped,
Repeat bloom,
Old rose hybrid (1986)


Other Shrub Roses:

Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Knockout Rose: Red to deep pink Three feet tall and wide
Light tea fragrance,
Repeat bloom,
Blossoms with up to seven petals
Good disease resistance. Very colorful all summer and an excellent hedge or border rose.

OLD GARDEN ROSES

Bourbon Roses Very fragrant,
Bloom heavily in spring, then more sparsely but with larger blossoms throughout the remainder of the season.
Cupped blossoms with many petals
More susceptible to black spot than other old roses.
These shrub roses are likely a cross between China rose 'Old Blush' and Damask rose 'Autumn Damask.' The first was found on the east African 'Isle de Bourbon' around 1817. (The island's name has since changed to Reunion.)
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available La Reine Victoria Pale lilac rose Five to six feet,
Fragrant,
Some repeat bloom
Shrub is narrow and erect (1872)
No Photo Available Mme. Isaac Pereire Dark Rose Pink Five to seven feet,
Very deep fragrance,
Repeat bloom
Makes a lovely pegged rose
Named after the wife of a French banker (1881)
No Photo Available Zephirine Drouhin Medium Pink Six to twelve feet,
Outstanding fragrance,
Repeat bloom
One grew on my gate arbor until the Cedar fire with Sombrueil on the other side. The combination was lovely. (1868)

Old Tea Roses Very fragrant, These are likely a cross between R.chinensis (China rose) and R. gigantea. The first of these dates back to the early 1800's.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Sombreuil Creamy white Eight to twelve feet climber,
Outstanding fragrance,
Repeat bloom
Lovely in a white garden One grew on my gate arbor until the Cedar fire with Zepherine Drouhin on the other side. It was lovely, but very thorny. I will try it on the fence next time, but not where it can snag guests! Reportedly free of mildew, and I never saw any. (1850)

Species Roses These are natives which have developed within a geographical area, and may often still be found in their native habitats. Previously mentioned examples: R. chinensis (China rose), R. gigantea .
[Photo by Carole Dearman] R. californica is our local native. It may be found near moist places in Cuyamaca and Laguna and at the corner across from the Descanso school. It is native to California and Oregon.
R. rugosa is native to Alaska, Siberia and Japan. Wrinkled or ribbed sturdy leaves are characteristic. It is cold hardy and salt-tolerant.
Image Cultivar Name Color Characteristics Comments
No Photo Available Topaz Jewel Light yellow Up to Five feet
Outstanding fragrance
Never needs deadheading
Hybrid or cultivar from R. rugosa
One is still alive in my old rose garden. It hasn't been watered or cared for since the Cedar fire. I'd call that hardy! When cared for, the flowers are lovely.

Note: Except for Austin roses, dates and parent information about old garden roses is taken from the Antique Rose Emporium: Guide to Old Roses, published in 2000. See their web site at Antique Rose Emporium .



 

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